False iii. In the early thirteenth century, there was no significant expansion of Delhi beyond heavily fortified town occupied by garrisons, it was only during the reigns of Ghiyasuddin Balban, Alauddin Khalji and Muhammad Tughluq that Delhi saw expansion for the first time. He patronized poets like Amir Khusrau and Amir Hasan. Extramarks offers NCERT solutions for The Delhi Sultans chapter of CBSE Class 7. They defeated rivals, seized cities. He was the last king of Delhi sultanate. In return, muqtis collected the revenues of their assignments as salary. He introduced copper based token currency, for the first time in India. 1. The transformation of Delhi into a capital that controlled a vast area of the subcontinent started with the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate at the beginning of the 13th century. The administration under the Delhi Sultanate was segregated into various parts- Central, Provincial, Judicial, Local, etc. Gender distinctions: Social and biological differences between men and women. v THE DELHI SULTANATE Ø From 13th century onward Delhi become an important city and capital under five different dynasties of Delhi sultans which together known as Delhi sultanate. Slave Dynasty. Look at Map 1 and locate Dehli-i … 4. .fusion-button.button-43 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-43 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-43 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-43:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-43:hover i,.fusion-button.button-43:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-43:focus i,.fusion-button.button-43:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-43:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-43:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-43:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-43:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-43:hover, .fusion-button.button-43:focus, .fusion-button.button-43:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-43 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-43{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-43:hover,.button-43:focus,.fusion-button.button-43:active{background: #0d5245;}Study Material There were three types of taxes : (1) on cultivation called kharaj and amounting to about 50 per cent of the peasant’s produce; (2) on cattle; and (3) on houses. They established many cities in Delhi as Dehli-i Kuhna, Siri Tughluqabad, Adalibad, Firaz shah kotla, Firuzabad,and Jahanpanah, etc. External frontier culminated with Muhammad-bin-Tughluq and he introduced three projects – Shifting of capital from Delhi to Daulatabad, the introduction of token currency, raising the land tax in the Doab region to fifty per cent—all of which failed and weakened his position. He was a slave of Mohammad Ghori. 3. 8.The Lodhi's Dynasty. MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. She was the first and only Muslim lady who ever ruled India. Sultans who came after Razia Sultan o … 2. Today it occurs for additional land for habitation, road expansion, road construction, industries, and urbanization. In the early 13th century-control of the Delhi Sultans rarely went beyond heavily fortified towns occupied by garrisons- Sultans seldom controlled the hinterland of the cities-were dependent upon trade, tribute or plunder for supplies-was difficult to control garrison towns in distant Bengal and Sind from Delhi-Rebellion, war, even bad weather caused disconnection of fragile communication routes-Delhi’s … .fusion-button.button-29 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29:hover i,.fusion-button.button-29:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29:focus i,.fusion-button.button-29:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-29:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-29:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-29:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover, .fusion-button.button-29:focus, .fusion-button.button-29:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-29 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-29{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-29:hover,.button-29:focus,.fusion-button.button-29:active{background: #0d5245;}Study Material Kharaj: The tax on cultivation was known as Kharaj. .fusion-button.button-25 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-25 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-25 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-25:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-25:hover i,.fusion-button.button-25:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-25:focus i,.fusion-button.button-25:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-25:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-25:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-25:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-25:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-25:hover, .fusion-button.button-25:focus, .fusion-button.button-25:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-25 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-25{background: #e9a825;}.fusion-button.button-25:hover,.button-25:focus,.fusion-button.button-25:active{background: #0d5245;}How To Prepare He had relations with China, Egypt, Iran. Garrison town: It refers to a town which is fortified with soldiers. Delhi Sultans By the 13th century Sultanates transformed Delhi into a capital that controlled vast areas of the subcontinent. Raziyya, the daughter of Sultan lltutmish, became the Sultan of Delhi in 1236 but she was dethroned only in 1240 only for being a woman and was unacceptable to the nobles. DELHI SULTANATE STYLE PRESENTED TO AR.KAJAL GARG PRESENTED BY RUSHALI VIKAS AKANSHA 2. After Firoz Shah: The Delhi Sultanate disintegrated. NCERT Notes: Administration Under Delhi Sultanate [Medieval Indian History For UPSC] This article will give an idea on the working of Administration under the Delhi Sultanate. Slave Dynasty: 1206-1290 Leaders of Delhi: Chauhans: 1165-1192; Prithviraj Chauhan: 1175-1192; Tughlaq Dynasty: 1320-1414; Slave Dynasty: 1206-1290; Khalji Dynasty: 1290-1320; Tomars: Early twelfth century 1165; Sayyid Dynasty: 1414-1451; Lodi Dynastry: 1451-1526 . Imam: The spiritual leader of the Muslims. The local chieftains established their rule in these regions. 1. He created a strong centralised army to handle internal disturbances. Free Study Material & Online Tests for Various Subjects True iv. Over a period of time, the Sultans of Delhi extended their control up to Bengal in the east and Sind in the west. He built Firozabad near Red Fort, popularly known as Firoz Shah Kota. He is considered to be ahead of his time. The Delhi Sultans – Question: Which ruler first established his or her capital at Delhi? His greatest achievement was conquest of Deccan. Why the early Delhi Sultans, especially Iltutmish, favoured their special slaves purchased for military service? Timur sacked and plundered Delhi before returning back to Central Asia. Regional trades were also promoted. Dec 23, 2020 - Delhi-Sultanate-PowerPoint Presentation, History, class, CBSE, NCERT Class 7 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 7. He also commsioned the construction of Qutub Minar in honour of Sufi saint Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiyar. Hinterland: It refers to the land adjacent to a city or port that supply it with goods and services. Khalji and Tughluq monarchs, like their predecessors, appointed military commanders as governors of territories of varying sizes. Kharaj was a tax on cultivation. The duty of muqtis was to lead military campaigns and maintain law and order in their iqtas. << Read about Maharatna, Navratna and Miniratna PSus here>>, << Click here for Weekly Current Affairs>>, .fusion-fullwidth.fusion-builder-row-2 { overflow:visible; } Delhi Sultanate. 1. NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 3 The Delhi Sultans Extra Questions and Answers. Reasoning :  These slaves were totally dependent upon their master and so they were more reliable and trustworthy. The early Delhi Sultans favoured the appointment of their slaves purchased for military service as governors to control the administration of the vast empire. 11.A Closer Look During the Sultanate period, there was the problem of the local Indian rulers who had been conquered. Some small but powerful and extremely well-administered states also emerged. Such attacks frequented during the reign of Alauddin Khalji and in the early days of Muhammad Tughluq’s rule. These territories were called iqta and their holders were called iqtadar or muqti. .fusion-button.button-32 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-32 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-32 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-32:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-32:hover i,.fusion-button.button-32:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-32:focus i,.fusion-button.button-32:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-32:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-32:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-32:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-32:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-32:hover, .fusion-button.button-32:focus, .fusion-button.button-32:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-32 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-32{background: #607d8b;}.fusion-button.button-32:hover,.button-32:focus,.fusion-button.button-32:active{background: #0d5245;}Online Quiz Alauddin Khilji, the most important ruler of Khilji dynasty, introduced the system of market control and administrative measures in order to maintain a large standing army. Toll Free No. DELHI SULTANATE. He was a good administrator. But he was not able to prevent forging of the coins and the experiment had to be abandoned.He began the scheme of giving loans to farmers for cultivation known as takkavi loans. Iltutmish issued silver Tanka, introducing arabic coinage in India. Delhi Sultanate- Slave & Khilji Dynasty (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download link is provided at the end of the post. True ii. He introduced the Persian festival of Nauroz. When lltutmish succeeded Qutbud-din as Sultan, a separate kingdom was established in the northern India, namely Delhi Sultanate. 9. He captured Delhi and tried to rule. The Delhi Sultans – Answer: It was Persian. 7. In 1526, Mughals established their empire. ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn (reigned 1296–1316) conquered Gujarat (c. 1297) and the principal fortified places in Rajasthan (1301–12) and reduced to vassalage the principal Hindu kingdoms of southern India (1307–12). They also paid their soldiers from this revenue. The period from 1206 A.D. to 1526 A.D. came to be known as the Delhi Sultanate period. .fusion-button.button-42 .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-42 i {color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-42 .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-42:hover .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-42:hover i,.fusion-button.button-42:focus .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-42:focus i,.fusion-button.button-42:active .fusion-button-text, .fusion-button.button-42:active{color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-42:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-42:hover .fusion-button-icon-divider, .fusion-button.button-42:active .fusion-button-icon-divider{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-42:hover, .fusion-button.button-42:focus, .fusion-button.button-42:active{border-color:#ffffff;}.fusion-button.button-42 {border-color:#ffffff;border-radius:2px;}.fusion-button.button-42{background: #607d8b;}.fusion-button.button-42:hover,.button-42:focus,.fusion-button.button-42:active{background: #0d5245;}Online Quiz the foundation of the Delhi Sultanate in the beginning of the thirteenth century. 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