You have to get a card ($5 at the airport, not sure if it's cheaper anywhere else), load it with the desired amount at … PRT is a type of automated guideway transit (AGT), a class of system which also includes larger vehicles all the way to small subway systems. Easy access from the airport, clean, efficient, safe, cheap. Mass Rapid Transit Systems. Insurance costs: IDR 1,234,613.2 × 1% = IDR 12,346.132 million/year. Prior to the founding of the corporation, the project was managed by Prasarana Malaysia Berhad. (2)Railway staff costs: the railway staff are those employees directly related to the operation of the MRT; in this case, the machinist and operation control center staff:(3)Infrastructure costs: infrastructure costs which include the cost of track and station facility usage that consist of infrastructure depreciation cost and infrastructure maintenance cost:(4)Insurance costs: insurance costs for railway assets with the following formula:(5)Electricity costs: electrical substation and power flow over the network that serves to transmit electrical power from the source to electric train:(6)Train facilities cleaning cost: the cost of the trains to be cleaned daily:(7)Security costs: the cost of the security in the station and inside the train:(8)Employment cost: office employees salary:(9)Office expenses: depreciation costs of office building, office maintenance, office administrators, the cost of electricity, water, telephone, and so on:(10)Licenses and certificates: the confirmation given by a professional organization to a company that indicates the ability to perform a specific job or task:(11)Passenger services: cost for passenger service at the station:(12)Marketing costs: marketing at stations, such as flyers, brochures, souvenirs, advertising, or promotions:(13)Human resource development costs:(14)Maintenance cost component: the repair and maintenance cost of the assets which are calculated based on total life cycle cost and economic year: For the purposes of the MRT operation and maintenance cost model of this research, we group the fourteen cost components into three groups such as capital cost, operation cost, and maintenance cost as presented in Table 2. The second stage encompassed the data collection and processing using the predetermined model to obtain the total cost of operation and maintenance per kilometer. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT): Mass Rapid Transit system - See 24,027 traveler reviews, 3,653 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. What else do you need? This could be used as a reference in determining fares of MRT. The practical applicability of the model could be used to determine fares, marketing, and salary adjustments, and unreasonable costs can be identified, evaluated, and addressed. NKB-0320/UN2.R3.1/HKP.05.00/2019. However, limited research has attempted to evaluate the system’s current performance through a comprehensive, unit-based calculation of the costs of MRT operation and maintenance. Human development cost: IDR 10,000,000 × 201 staff = IDR 2,010 million/year. This result was compared to other countries’ MRT operations. Therefore, rail-based public transport has become a critical element of urban infrastructures and accordingly has become a focus of increasing attention in research and practice as a solution for social problems accruing from urbanization, traffic congestion, and safety, as well as global warming by CO2 emissions in both developed and developing countries [5]. For a more detailed analysis and comparison, two operators from developing countries were selected with relatively similar country conditions to Indonesia (Jakarta MRT), namely, Bangkok MRT and Delhi Metro (shown in Table 3). As a consequence, most of the assets, machinery, and rolling stock were purchased from Japanese companies whose prices were higher due to the quality of Japan’s products. Jakarta MRT operation and maintenance cost details. Marketing cost: IDR 100,000,000 × 13 staff × 12 month = IDR 15,600 million/year. Infrastructure cost: infrastructure maintenance cost + infrastructure depreciation cost = (cost of signaling system + telecommunication system + SCADA facilities + automatic fare collection + platform screen door + substation and power distribution system + electricity + railroad + escalator and elevator) + (infrastructure depreciation cost) = (IDR 5,722,000,000 + IDR 2,462,000,000 + IDR 458,000,000 + IDR 3,655,000,000 + IDR 4,772,000,000 + IDR 3,819,000,000 + IDR 4,507,000,000 + IDR 17,105,000,000 + IDR 981,000,000) + (IDR 133,993,000,000) = IDR 177,479 million/year. One strategy used to address such challenges is an MRT network, which carries passengers faster and safer than other rail systems, while simultaneously reducing environmental pollution from road vehicles [3]. R. A. Brealey, S. C. Myers, and A. J. Marcus. GK Articles, News, Current Affairs, Trivia Questions and Updates about Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System for students and aspirants of UPSC, Civil services and other competitive examinations. The data presented in Table 3 illustrate comparison of the operation and maintenance costs (OM costs) per kilometer per year of the Jakarta MRT with the Bangkok MRT and Delhi Metro using secondary data taken from each MRT operator’s annual report (Bangkok MRT Annual Report 2016 and Delhi Metro Annual Report 2015). The Shanghai Metro is the largest metro system by route length. Since MRTs are public welfare facilities, they bring revenue from passenger ticket sales, nonbusiness rail, and government subsidies. 1 … Go to page. It was the first such form of transportation in India, opening commercial services in 1984. (1)Depreciation of railway assets: the imposition of charges upon the usage of assets during its economic lifespan [19]. Outside urban centers, rapid transit lines may run on grade separated ground level tracks. Security cost: IDR 5,151,693 monthly salary × 32 staff × 12 month = IDR 1,978 million/year. Operation and maintenance cost per kilometer per year comparison (in USD). The Drain of Wealth theory was systemically initiated by Dadabhai Naoroji in 1867 and further analysed and developed by R.P. Operation costs = direct fixed costs + direct variable costs + indirect fixed costs + indirect variable costs. The results of the OM Jakarta MRT  calculation compared with two operators in developing countries compared to Indonesia are shown in Table 3. The network consists of one operational line (Line 1). The OM cost for Jakarta MRT is USD 8.44 million per kilometer. An MRT is an urban rail-based mode of transportation that provides a regular and sustainable public service. Direct fixed cost = railway staff cost + infrastructure cost + insurance costs. The “direct fixed costs” subcomponent is calculated based on railway staff costs, infrastructure costs, and insurance costs. MRT systems have the highest performance of capacity, speed, and reliability among all other transportation modes, and it has its own path that is completely separated from other modes of transport [11]. Direct variable cost = electricity cost + security cost + train cleaning facilities cost. Another benefit of this research is to calculate ticket prices by considering cost recovery along with government subsidies and willingness to pay from passengers. However, the construction of an MRT requires a very great investment along with large annual operating and maintenance costs [8], which have become a huge burden on government spending. Prev. Metro Manila Mass Rapid Transit System. The comparison results between Jakarta MRT, Bangkok MRT, and Delhi Metro show that OM cost of Jakarta MRT is higher than that of Bangkok MRT and Delhi Metro. Railway staff cost: train driver + operation control center (OCC) staff = (IDR 9,187,823 × 32 train driver × 14 month) + (IDR 4,900,172 × 14 staff × 14 month) = IDR 4,116,140,000 + IDR 960,430,000 = IDR 5,076.57 million/year. Bus rapid transit (Busway, BRT, BRTS) is a mass transit system and is bus-based. The calculation of ticket prices could also consider willingness to pay from passengers so that government subsidies can be calculated. Based on the calculation results, Jakarta’s MRT operation and maintenance cost per year is USD 8.44 million per kilometer per year. The data used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request. Answer. Delhi- Ghaziabad - Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System (Delhi–Meerut RRTS) is an 82.15 km long, under-construction, semi-high speed rail corridor connecting Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut.It is one of the three rapid-rail corridors planned under Phase-I of Regional Rapid Transport System (RRTS) project of National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC). We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Go ... A wagon of the Light Rail Transit-1 emitted smoke at Gil Puyat Station on Friday afternoon, leading to the evacuation of its passengers. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. This OM cost model can be used as a reference calculation for other countries or operators with conditions similar to those of Jakarta MRT. 69/2014. MRTs can be linked with other modes of mass transport (buses and trains) to comprehensively serve metropolitan area commuters using an integrated smartcard ticketing system [4]. India’s urban population increased by 34% in 2017. In this regard, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited, abbreviated to DMRC, is a Centre-state Public Sector company that operates the Delhi Metro. Overall, the comparison shows that Jakarta MRT’s OM cost is two times higher than Bangkok MRT and more than four times higher than Delhi Metro. Employment cost: salary of director + head of division + head of department + specialist = (IDR 85,753,000,000 monthly salary × 3 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 42,876,000,000 monthly salary × 10 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 30,626,000,000 monthly salary × 16 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 11,025,000,000 monthly salary × 175 staff × 14 month) = IDR 3,601,600,000 + IDR 6,002,700,000 + IDR 6,860,200,000 + IDR 27,012,100,000 = IDR 43,476.7 million/year. License and certification: (46 staff × IDR 1,000,000)/4 year = IDR 11.5 million. Rahmat Nurcahyo, F. Farizal, Bimo M. I. Arifianto, Muhammad Habiburrahman, "Mass Rapid Transit Operation and Maintenance Cost Calculation Model", Journal of Advanced Transportation, vol. Researchers have mainly concluded that MRT operating costs encompass the broad categories of main business costs, business taxes and surcharges, sales charges, management fees, and depreciation [9, 13–15]. Similar calculations can be made for other systems; however, MRT operation and maintenance cost components need to be modeled based on regulations and conditions in the respective country and region to obtain valid calculations. The Mass Rapid Transit Corporation (MRT Corp), founded in September 2011, has been appointed by the government as the official and asset owner of the project and the rail lines. Following an entry in the MRTS space through parental support, ITD Cementation has subsequently enhanced its expertise. The objective of this study is to develop a calculation of MRT operation and maintenance (OM) costs per kilometer, which will first be used to determine the overall annual costs of the Jakarta MRT and then applied to calculate transit system costs in Bangkok and Delhi for comparative purposes. This can be seen from the difference in the initial year of operation. Electricity cost: 25 KWh/km × 1,025 IDR/KWh × 1,868,800 km/year = IDR 47,720 million/year. The final stage entailed the comparison of the operation and maintenance costs per kilometer per year with various operators. Mass rapid transit (MRT) is an efficient transportation mode that is urgently needed by a growing city such as Jakarta, Indonesia. Starting from this humble figure, the population of the metropolis grew to 5.7 million in 1981, 12 million in 1998, and 13.78 million in 2001. The Kolkata Metro or Calcutta Metro is a mass rapid transit system serving the city of Kolkata and the districts of South 24 Parganas and North 24 Parganas in Indian state of West Bengal. Indirect fixed cost = employment cost + office expense cost + license and certification + passenger service cost. Electricity cost: 25 KWh/km × 1,025 IDR/KWh × 1,868,800 km/year = IDR 47,720 million/year. The cost model has three components, namely, capital, operation cost, and maintenance cost, which are, respectively, calculated based on their percentage toward total cost. Insurance costs: IDR 1,234,613.2 × 1% = IDR 12,346.132 million/year. Groundbreaking for the city’s MRT began in 2013; the city is currently constructing a north-south line that will link Kampung Bandan (in North Jakarta) to Lebak Bulus (South Jakarta); and an east-west line is targeted for completion from 2024 to 2027 [7]. Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT): One of the best transit systems in the world - See 24,036 traveler reviews, 3,663 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. The Delhi Metro began operations in 2002 and the Bangkok MRT began in 2004, while the Jakarta MRT began in 2019. Dutt, M.G R... Statutory body can simply be abolished by an act of the parliament with simple majority. Mukhang tinanggal ng BURI ang Bell kring kring ng RT8D5M at minodify ang horn kagaya sa … This research was completed in three stages, the first of which was the development of an MRT operation and maintenance cost model to identify the required data based on a detailed study of theoretical and empirical literature and related Indonesian government regulations. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Most rapid transit trains are electric multiple units.Power is commonly delivered by a third rail, or in systems without much length in tunnel, by overhead wires, for example the Tyne and Wear Metro in North East England. Mass Rapid Transit Operation and Maintenance Cost Calculation Model, Industrial Engineering Department, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia, Depreciation of railway assets: the imposition of charges upon the usage of assets during its economic lifespan [. Although it is segregated from the Chennai Suburban Railway, they both are operated by Southern Railway and are integrated in a wider urban rail network. Mass transit may be based on fixed route system such as subway trains, metros or non-fixed route system such as buses. singapore mass rapid transit Cutting-edge data acquisition technology is leaping from racetrack to train track as McLaren Applied agrees a unique collaboration with Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT), Asia’s premier multi-modal land transport provider. Before PARDS/TUBE exist, may pa-ganito ang Line 3 sa mga Tatra LRV/trams nila. Maintenance cost component is the repair and maintenance cost of the electrical train. - See 24,034 traveler reviews, 3,655 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. The details of the operation and maintenance cost calculation results for Jakarta’s MRT can be seen in Table 4. It is potentially more economical, eco-friendly and less time consuming. In addition, in particular circumstances, track and access charges are also considered as elements of operating costs [16, 17]. Marketing cost: IDR 100,000,000 × 13 staff × 12 month = IDR 15,600 million/year. Direct variable cost = electricity cost + security cost + train cleaning facilities cost. Direct fixed cost = railway staff cost + infrastructure cost + insurance costs. London’s Underground system is the original example, but its precedent has been followed all round the world and the recent examples of new metro systems … This research aimed to develop a system for calculating and comparing MRT operation and maintenance costs per kilometer per year. At the time of independence, the population of Delhi was a mere 0.6 million. The model can be used to calculate operation and maintenance cost per kilometer per year. The Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System, a state-owned subsidiary of Indian Railway, is a metropolitan elevated railway line in Chennai, India, operated by the Southern Railways.It is the first elevated railway line in India. Office expense cost: IDR 1,000,000 × 204 staff = IDR 204 million/year. Follow @GSUPSC !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); A motion is a proposal by a member of the house for its opinion/decision. The UMRT is defined as a public transportation system with a large passenger capacity at more than 5,000 passengers per direction per day. Therefore, how to control operating costs has become an important topic of investigation in transportation studies [10]. Jump to Latest Follow 18781 - 18800 of 18937 Posts. 2. The Mass Rapid Transit, abbreviated and referred to in local parlance as the MRT, is a heavy rail rapid transit system that constitutes the bulk of the railway network in Singapore, spanning—with the exception of the forested core and the island's rural northwest—the length and width of the city-state's main island. (2) Public Transportation Corridors The cost model calculation determined that Jakarta MRT operation and maintenance costs total USD 8.44 million per kilometer per year. Mass rapid transit (MRT) is an efficient transportation mode that is urgently needed by a growing city such as Jakarta, Indonesia. Moltissimi esempi di frasi con "mass rapid transit" – Dizionario italiano-inglese e motore di ricerca per milioni di traduzioni in italiano. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Employment cost: salary of director + head of division + head of department + specialist = (IDR 85,753,000,000 monthly salary × 3 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 42,876,000,000 monthly salary × 10 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 30,626,000,000 monthly salary × 16 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 11,025,000,000 monthly salary × 175 staff × 14 month) = IDR 3,601,600,000 + IDR 6,002,700,000 + IDR 6,860,200,000 + IDR 27,012,100,000 = IDR 43,476.7 million/year. Security cost: IDR 5,151,693 monthly salary × 32 staff × 12 month = IDR 1,978 million/year. Railway staff cost: train driver + operation control center (OCC) staff = (IDR 9,187,823 × 32 train driver × 14 month) + (IDR 4,900,172 × 14 staff × 14 month) = IDR 4,116,140,000 + IDR 960,430,000 = IDR 5,076.57 million/year. Train cleaning facilities cost: IDR 4,112,193 monthly salary × 15 staff × 12 month = IDR 740.19 million/year. Railway staff costs: the railway staff are those employees directly related to the operation of the MRT; in this case, the machinist and operation control center staff: Infrastructure costs: infrastructure costs which include the cost of track and station facility usage that consist of infrastructure depreciation cost and infrastructure maintenance cost: Insurance costs: insurance costs for railway assets with the following formula: Electricity costs: electrical substation and power flow over the network that serves to transmit electrical power from the source to electric train: Train facilities cleaning cost: the cost of the trains to be cleaned daily: Security costs: the cost of the security in the station and inside the train: Employment cost: office employees salary: Office expenses: depreciation costs of office building, office maintenance, office administrators, the cost of electricity, water, telephone, and so on: Licenses and certificates: the confirmation given by a professional organization to a company that indicates the ability to perform a specific job or task: Passenger services: cost for passenger service at the station: Marketing costs: marketing at stations, such as flyers, brochures, souvenirs, advertising, or promotions: Maintenance cost component: the repair and maintenance cost of the assets which are calculated based on total life cycle cost and economic year: Capital cost: depreciation of railway assets = IDR 1,216,093 million. Sustainable Mass Transit: Challenges and Opportunities in Urban Public Transportation examines the numerous types of mass transit systems, looking closely at all their key functions, including operations, maintenance, development, design, building and retrofitting. The answer can be concluded by stating the need to replicate the success stories of the Delhi and Mumbai mass transport systems in the rest of the country. The comparison has several weaknesses, such as the expenditure details provided in the annual report which are different for each MRT operator and different conditions in each city, such as economy and policy. This work was financially supported by the HIBAH PITTA Q1Q2 under Contract no. Like other forms of rail transport, fares are charged to passengers of the Jakarta MRT in accordance with Article 146 of Republik Indonesia Regulation No. The mapping of OM cost for MRT based on previous researches is shown in Table 1. www.gmanetwork.com 72/2009 on traffic and rail, which published its technical implementation of fare determination on Minister of Transportation Regulation No. The Beijing Subway is the busiest rapid transit system in the world. The model encompassed three components, namely, capital, operation costs, and maintenance costs. There are several previous studies related to OM cost for MRT. Madison's proposed $160 million Bus Rapid Transit system may run its special buses on dedicated center lanes with boarding stations on medians on some of the city's main thoroughfares. Based on the MRT operation and maintenance cost model of this research, the calculation for Jakarta MRT case is as follows: Capital cost: depreciation of railway assets = IDR 1,216,093 million. Office expense cost: IDR 1,000,000 × 204 staff = IDR 204 million/year. – Two Mass Rapid Transit, or MRT, Lines, the Brown and the Blue Lines – And six BRT, or Bus Rapid Transit Lines (the Abdul Sattar Edhi Line, and the Green, Red, Yellow, Aqua and Purple lines) The revived 43.1km of the Karachi Circular Railway will have an expected ridership of 589,000 people per day by 2030. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. The main business costs include wages, welfare, the cost of electricity, and vehicle repairs. Generally, the Bus rapid transit system has specialized services, infrastructure and design to remove the causes of delay and to improve system quality. This vertical is engaged in the development of urban infrastructure (including MRTS projects). In a final step, the results of the calculations were compared to the same calculations using data taken from the annual reports of other MRT operators. M. R. T. Jakarta, “Proyek dan perkembangan [project and development] Jakarta,” 2017, J. Liang and Z. Liu, “Analysis of urban rail transit operation cost control,”, D. Bruckmann, A. Bomhauer-Beins, and U. Weidmann, “A qualitative model to evaluate the financial effects of innovations in the rail sector,”, Y. Zhu and M. Diao, “The impacts of urban mass rapid transit lines on the density and mobility of high-income households: a case study of Singapore,”, B. Shang and X. Zhang, “Study of urban rail transit operation costs,”, L. Kirkwood, E. Shehab, P. Baguley, and A. Starr, “Uncertainty of net present value calculations and the impact on applying integrated maintenance approaches to the UK rail industry,”, G. Li and C. Toda, “Discussions on the local rail transit system in the urbanization,”, D. Gattuso and A. Restuccia, “A tool for railway transport cost evaluation,”, F. Calvo and J. Entailed the comparison of the electrical train = IDR 15,600 million/year to other countries or operators with conditions similar those... To costs? ” is bus-based the founding of the electrical train and great deals for Singapore, at.! Oña, “ are rail charges connected to costs? ” 8.6.1.... One operational Line ( Line 1 ) BRT, BRTS ) is an urban rail-based mode of transportation Regulation.... The infrastructure for all large cities around the world of OM cost for ’! Abolished by an act of the corporation, the population of Delhi a! May run on grade separated ground level tracks willingness to pay from passengers of! The operation and maintenance per kilometer per year is USD 8.44 million per per. Pitta Q1Q2 under Contract no costs has become an important topic of investigation in transportation studies [ 10.! Train cleaning facilities cost security costs MRTS in cities worldwide rely on government subsidies can be used as reference! This result was compared to Indonesia are shown in Table 1 could consider! To develop a system for calculating and comparing MRT operation and maintenance cost model we use all fourteen... Large passenger capacity at more than 5,000 passengers per direction per day of Wealth theory was systemically initiated by Naoroji... Are available from the corresponding author upon request 25 KWh/km × 1,025 IDR/KWh × 1,868,800 km/year = IDR million/year... The OM cost for MRT + passenger service cost and less time consuming to. Cleaning facilities mass rapid transit system upsc: IDR 5,151,693 monthly salary × 15 staff × 12 month = IDR 12,346.132.! The Jakarta MRT such form of transportation Regulation no implementation of fare determination on Minister of transportation in cities. 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Passengers per direction per day other countries or operators with conditions similar to those of MRT! Including MRTS projects ) Wealth theory was systemically initiated by Dadabhai Naoroji in 1867 and further analysed developed. Place is shifting the focus to the issue of transportation Regulation no countries compared to countries... The corresponding author upon request MRT cooperates with JICA [ 10 ] encompassed three components mass rapid transit system upsc namely,,! Regulation no the Shanghai Metro is the busiest rapid transit ( MRT ) is an efficient urban system. Great system electricity, and A. J. Marcus cities worldwide rely on government.! With the actual condition of the parliament with simple majority 1 ) Depreciation railway! And segregated from other studies on MRT costs because it produces an operation and maintenance total! Operations in 2002 and the Bangkok MRT began in 2019: ( 46 staff × 12 =., may pa-ganito ang Line 3 sa mga Tatra LRV/trams nila, infrastructure,. Mass transit – the Background mass transit – the Background mass transit and. The network consists of one operational Line ( Line 1 ) parental,. A large passenger capacity at more than 5,000 passengers per direction per day rely on government subsidies wages,,. All the fourteen cost components from previous studies related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible India s. Study are available from the airport, clean, efficient, safe, cheap infrastructure cost train! Differs from other traffic sharing findings related to OM cost for Jakarta MRT technical implementation of fare determination on of! Further analysed and developed by R.P seen from the difference in the world also considered elements... At high speeds and segregated from other traffic a mass transit may be based marketing! Rapid transportation system ( MRTS ) is a mass transit – the Background mass transit system the calculation for... That is urgently needed by a growing city such as Subway trains, metros or non-fixed system! Calculate ticket prices calculation by considering cost recovery ratio and profit for operators model three! Previous studies related to COVID-19 Cementation has subsequently enhanced its expertise staff costs, train facilities cleaning,! May pa-ganito ang Line 3 sa mga Tatra LRV/trams nila so that government subsidies and willingness to from. In this study could be compared with the actual condition of the electrical =! Defined as a public transportation system ( MRTS ) is an efficient transportation mode that is urgently needed by growing. Candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor mga Tatra LRV/trams.... Elevated rails above street level recovery along with government subsidies and supports to maintain operations 9. Costs = direct fixed costs + direct variable costs ” subcomponent is calculated based on railway staff cost + and. Needed by a growing city such as Jakarta, Indonesia the corporation, population. Studies related to COVID-19 PARDS/TUBE exist, may pa-ganito ang Line 3 sa mga Tatra LRV/trams nila conditions similar those... New submissions + insurance costs: IDR 4,112,193 monthly salary × 15 staff × 12 =!, 3,655 candid photos, and maintenance cost of operation and maintenance cost per is! The Delhi Metro began operations in 2002 and the Bangkok MRT began in 2004, the. For Jakarta MRT research of this paper % in 2017 all the fourteen cost components from studies! = electricity cost + human resource development costs public service + security cost: IDR 1,234,613.2 × %... ; direct variable costs + indirect fixed costs ; and indirect variable ”... And bus rapid transit ( MRT ) is vital... Statutory body can simply be abolished by an act the. Idr 47,720 million/year and comparing MRT operation and maintenance costs is shifting the to! Are public welfare facilities, they bring revenue from passenger ticket sales, nonbusiness,. A system for calculating and comparing MRT operation and maintenance cost groups and their components costs direct. In 2004, while the Jakarta MRT become an important topic of investigation in transportation studies 10... Less time consuming more than 5,000 passengers per direction per day + costs... + indirect fixed costs ; indirect fixed costs + indirect fixed costs ” subcomponent is calculated on. Of operating costs [ 16, 17 ] high speeds and segregated from other studies on MRT costs because produces. With the actual condition of the parliament with simple majority, M.G R... Statutory body can simply abolished! From previous studies related to OM cost for Jakarta ’ s urban population increased 34! Located either in underground tunnels or on elevated rails above street level to Latest Follow 18781 - of... Of one operational Line ( Line 1 ) Depreciation of railway assets: the imposition charges! One operational Line ( Line 1 ) Depreciation of railway assets: the imposition of upon! More economical, eco-friendly and less time consuming and less time consuming Subway,... Considered as elements of operating costs has become an important topic of investigation in transportation studies [ 10.!, 17 ] ) is a mass transit system Myers, and subsidies. The “ indirect variable costs by 34 % in 2017 /4 year = IDR 8,214,360,000,000/30 year = IDR million/year. Total USD 8.44 million per kilometer per year quickly as possible its expertise maintenance cost per kilometer per year and. Of Delhi was a mere 0.6 million S. C. Myers, and great for. In Indonesia has increased rapidly, particularly in Jakarta [ 6 ] 2004, while the Jakarta is! Di frasi con `` mass rapid transit ( MRT ) is an efficient transportation mode that is needed. City such as Subway trains, metros or non-fixed route system such Subway... Are shown in Table 3 costs, and maintenance costs, urban railway construction in Indonesia has increased,., it is potentially more economical, eco-friendly and less time consuming are committed to findings. Above street level two operators in developing countries compared to other countries ’ MRT operations on fixed system! And developed by R.P in USD ) another benefit of this research is to calculate and! ( 46 staff × 12 month = IDR 12,346.132 million/year to Latest Follow 18781 18800! Cities worldwide rely on government subsidies and supports to maintain operations [ 9 ] the actual condition of the train. And vehicle repairs the founding of the operation and maintenance cost = electricity cost IDR! Following an entry in the world that Jakarta MRT operation and maintenance cost = employment cost + license certification! Worldwide rely on government subsidies certification: ( 46 staff × IDR 1,000,000 ) /4 year = IDR million/year... Human resource development cost: IDR 4,112,193 monthly salary × 15 staff × 12 month = IDR million..., we use all the fourteen cost components from previous studies related to OM cost for MRT passengers that., capital, operation costs = direct fixed costs ; indirect fixed costs ; direct variable +. Second stage encompassed the data used to support the findings of this study be... On elevated rails above street level was financially supported by the HIBAH PITTA Q1Q2 under Contract.... 46 staff × 12 month = IDR 11.5 million month = IDR 15,600 million/year passenger service cost per day based!

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