Family name: Dicranaceae Common name: dicranum moss Growth form: Moss Names used on the Toolik-Arctic Geobotanical Atlas maps: Toolik Permanent Plots: Dicranum scoparium Imnavait Creek Permanent Plots: Dicranum scoparium Frond. The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Dicranum . Dicranum is in the family Dicranaceae in the subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta.. George Yatskievych General - erect, little branched, densely matted rhizoids on lower stems; forms large cushions and sometimes mats, 2 - 8 cm high. Samples of Dicranum scoparium were collected from ten sites within the studied area at least 10 meters apart, once in a month from September to November, 2016. Dicranum Scoparium Incubated with Acetate-2-14C Pei-Hsing Lin Wu 200 Book Review 161 Date of issue—September 10, 1974. Musc. Dicranum is distributed globally. Synonyms . D. howellii. The moss plant Dicranum scoparium was chosen because it is widespread across Yaba College of Technology, Campus and can be found in all parts of the study Area. Dicranum scoparium var. Dicranum condensatum Spreng. (e) Cuspidate Tufts. More Accounts and Images; CalPhotos (DISC71) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DISC71) … Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Pages in category "Dicranum scoparium" This category contains only the following page. Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID Wetland Status. Whip fork moss could be confused with a less common species, fragile cushion moss (D. fragilifolium). How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Broom moss is one of the largest, most common species. When the leaves are wet they spread out from the stem in different directions. The apical leaves are rolled round each other so as to form a sharp-pointed tip to the shoot. the specimens of the Dicranum scoparium com plex, plus D. spadiceum and D. majus, formed a second. The moss’s most notable feature is the fact that multiple capsules arise from the same moss stem. paludosum Schimp., 1860 Dicranum scoparium var. It is commonly called the broom moss because the leaves are “swept” or turned in the same direction. In most common Dicranum mosses (including electric eels), the male plants have been reduced to tiny buds on the leaves of female plants. In North America these are commonly found in Jack pine or Red pine stands. Frond. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. XEROPHYTIC ADAPTATIONS OP BRYOPHYTES IN RELATION TO HABITAT. are common throughout most of the boreal forest. Windswept Broom Moss (Dicranum scoparium) is rather distinctive because of its large size and the tendency of its leaves to curve in the same direction. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dicranum (family Dicranaceae ). At a more detailed level, the upper leaf cells of broom moss are longer than wide. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 35124149 ) with original publication details: Sp. Dicranum scoparium Hedwig, Sp. https://www.britannica.com/plant/broom-moss. [WITH THREE FIGURES IN THE TEXT.] The species name scoparium, from the Latin scopae, 'a broom' and the common name 'broom moss', both refer to the leaves of this moss, which look like they were swept to one side by someone sweeping the forest. Leaf Structure: 126 1801 . Dicranum polysetum can often be found growing on soil. In exposed areas, brittle shoots are a probable source of propagation. This species is often called 'electric eels' because the wavy leaves resemble miniature eels, and they stand out like they have been hit with an electrick shock. Mnemonic i: DICSC: Taxon identifier i: 3222: Scientific name i: Dicranum scoparium: Taxonomy navigation › Dicranum. Stems 2-10 cm, tomentose with white to brown rhizoids. [WITH THREE FIGURES IN THE TEXT.] Frond. One species, Dicranum fuscescens , has similar-sized leaves that are also falcate-secund (arc in the same direction), but its leaves become more curly and crisped when they become dry. Peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7) activities were tested in three moss species, namely Dicranum scoparium, Hylocomium splendens and Pleurozium schreberi growing together in the same location in a boreal forest. Pleurocarpous Mosses. Broom forkmoss can be found across North America (except Labrador, North Dakota, Texas and Nevada), Europe, Asia, as well as in Australia and New Zealand. 126. Sporophytes - 1 - 5 stalks per plant, 2 - 4 cm long; capsules 2 - 4 mm long, inclined or horizontal, curved. Dicranum scoparium Hedwig, Sp. the Polytrichaceae or Dicranum scoparium) lose . This plant has no children Legal Status. Amblystegium serpens Go to results page; Amblystegium varium; Also, the capsules of fragile cushion moss are inclined and curved rather than ererct and straight. Electric eels is the only other species to share this characteristic, and its leaves are distinctly wavy. 2. Stems may fork, but do not branch. This combines the advantages of having the sexes separate, to encourage outbreeding, with the convenience of having plants of the opposite sex nearby, to increase the chances of fertilization. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Shoots are commonly glossy-green in appearance. XEROPHYTIC ADAPTATIONS OP BRYOPHYTES IN RELATION TO HABITAT. Dicranum condensatum Hedw. It is quite variable in height ranging from 1 to 12 cm high, though the extremes are rare. The species name polysetum, from the Latin poly, 'many' and seta, 'a stiff hair', refers to the several slender stalks (with spore capsules) per branch - most Dicranums have only 1 capsule per branch. How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. Dicranum angustifolium Kindb. However, fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its straight leaves usually have their tips broken off. Format. – dicranum moss Subordinate Taxa. The genes name Dicranum refers to the 2-forked teeth around the mouth of the capsule. Dicranoloma otii Sakurai; Dicranum alatum (Barnes) Cardot & Thér. NUMBER 4—JULY ... Adaptations at the Cell and Organelle Level for Utilizing Sunlight W. H. Campbell, P. Robertie, R. H. Brown and C. C. Black 339 Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Mosses are a convenient model to study stress responses of plants because of their remarkable stress tolerance. Gallery However, due to the important role it plays in forest regeneration the Department of Conservation urges people not to harvest the plant for firewood. As a bryophyte, Dicranum scoparium has pluricellular rhiziods (root structure) which help with water absorption and anchor the plant to the ground. By Latin name. Dicranum scoparium and Pleurozium schreberi were also common on various forest substrata . Updates? Called Mood Moss by many florists, Dicranum is known commonly in the scientific world as Windswept or Broom Moss because of the way the individual plants have leaves that curve. P. Beauv. Sporophytes - often present, produced at plant tips; stalk single, straight, long; capsules curved, inclined, cylindrical, smooth; capsule teeth single. Omissions? This species occurs from Alaska to California and also in the southeastern United States, as well as in Mexico, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. Dicranum scoparium Hedw., 1801. (continued from p. 169). Soil, rocks, decaying wood and humus in open, dry to moist forest; common and locally abundant (particularly in pine woods) across Northwestern Ontario's boreal forest north and west to interior Alaska. In general, upright stems will be single but packed together. Whip fork moss reproduce asexually by dropping its tiny whip-like branchlets from the uppoer leaf axils. during dehydration: ... (e.g. Taxonomy - Dicranum scoparium (Broom moss) (SPECIES) ))) Map to UniProtKB (147) Unreviewed (147) TrEMBL. Corrections? Peroxidase activity in D. scoparium was twice as high as in other … Knight and Ackerly, 2002; Knight et al., 2005). General - light green to yellow-green, large (7 cm tall or more), covers large areas of gorund; stems covered with whitish, matted rhizoids; good for sitting on. Wheldon (25) says that " many tufted mosses growing in open places have long- Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. retention and photosynthetic water-use capacities suggest two contrasting adaptations to a void damage . Leaves - up to 1 cm long, spread more or less at right angles from stem, edges wavy. Such physiological adaptations may then play a further role in plant ecology and distributions (e.g. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. General - yellowish-green to dark green, unbranched, 1 - 4 cm tall, usually with stiff miniature branchlets with minute, flat-lying leaves growing from bases of upper leaves; stems matted with reddish brown rhizoids. Tree bases, humus, rotting logs and rock outcrops; common across Northwestern Ontario's boreal forest; circumpolar. Dicranum scoparium Brook Moss. Perhaps this is the reason that sporophytes are so common on the Dicranum mosses. The 4, well-developed, toothed ridges along the back of the midrib are characteristic of this species. Description Broom moss is often used by florists to make banks of green in show windows. It was also valued as firewood, as it has adaptations to promote fire. Related Links. Dicranum bonjeanii var. Dicranum is a genus of mosses, also called wind-blown mosses or fork mosses. They branch freely … How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. These mosses form in densely packed clumps. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Leaves - irregularly curled and wavy when dry, not wrinkled, lance-shaped, 3 - 5 mm long, pointed, concave below, tube-shaped above; smooth-edged or toothed near tip. The common Acrocarp mosses for gardens include Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum commune, Luecobryum glaucum, and Campylopus introflexus. Stems may fork, but do not branch. Leaves - 5 - 12 mm long, erect to curved, pointed in 1 direction, moist or dry; lance- shaped and sharply pointed; midrib single, ends in tip; uppper leaf cells longer than wide, with irregularly thickened walls, become longer below; alar cells well developed, large, coloured, form well-marked group. Introduction to Dicranum scoparium: scientific and common names, protected status (red lists, regulations), biological status in France, historical and contemporary. In mosses, there may be strong selective pressure for maintaining small genomes. and Dicranum scoparium Received for publication December 20, 1983 and in revised form June 10, 1984 EVA-MARI ARO*l, ALAIN GERBAUD, AND MARCEL ANDRtE Departement de Biologie, Service de Radioagronomie, CEN Cadarache, BP 1, 13115 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France ABSTRACT Photosynthetic CO2 and 02 exchange was studied in two moss species, Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Gametophyte. Dicranum latifolium J. J. Amann. Broom moss, (Dicranum scoparium), the most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum.This species occurs from Alaska to California and also in the southeastern United States, as well as in Mexico, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. Statistics. Interpreting Wetland Status. Distribution. Several adaptations such as the differentiation of plant body into stem, leaves, and roots, thick cell walls to support the plant on the land, photosynthesis, and production of spores occur in mosses when they descended from algae. Dicranum scoparium. Usually it thrives best in shady locations. Plants in loose to dense tufts, light to dark green, glossy to sometimes dull. The stems are often coated in brown fuzz. 126. BY W. WATSON, B.SC. Dicranum scoparium; Media in category "Dicranum scoparium" The following 62 files are in this category, out of 62 total. Our recent studies on the Dicranum scoparium and D. acutifolium species complexes (Lang and Stech, 2014, Lang et al., 2014b) as well as on boreal-arctic Dicranum species (Lang et al., 2014a) showed that in several cases conclusive species delimitations could only be obtained from combined analyses of several chloroplast markers and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. Dicranum is in the family Dicranaceae in the subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta. The Plant List includes 1,057 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Dicranum.Of these 86 are accepted species names. In continuing your browsing of this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer you suitable content and services and realize visits statistics. Wheldon (25) says that " many tufted mosses growing in open places have long- Methods Study site, focal species, sampling and pretreatment. About 55 % of the species were recorded growing on one type of substratum, those preferring two or three substrata each accounted for 18 % of all species. 1801. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Broom Moss Broom moss in Lake Superior Provincial Park, Ontario Scientific classification Kingdom The genes name Dicranum refers to the 2-forked teeth around the mouth of the capsule. The Plant List includes a further 263 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Dicranum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. The apical leaves are rolled round each other so as to form a sharp-pointed tip to the shoot. group with positive values. scoparium Homonyms Dicranum scoparium Hedwig, 1801 Common names Almindelig kløvtand in Danish Besen-Gabelzahnmoos in German Kost-kløvtand in Danish bifurque à balais in French dicrane en balai in French alatum Barnes; Dicranum canadense Kindb. UKSI Common Name Source; Broom Fork-moss preferred: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Bryophyta class Bryopsida order Dicranales family Dicranaceae genus Dicranum species Dicranum scoparium. (continued from p. 169). In … Cushion mosses (Dicranum spp.) This combines the advantages of having the sexes separate, to encourage outbreeding, with the convenience of having plants of the opposite sex nearby, to increase the chances of fertilization. Pleurocarps grow in a prostrated position. However, the habit of the leaves varies from strongly falcate-secund, i.e., the swept state, to straight and erect, especially prevalent in northern plants. Musc. Sporophytes - stalk yellow to brown, single, 1 - 2 cm long; capsule yellowish brown to brown, erect, straight, 2 - 2.5 mm long, furrowed lengthwise when dry. Dicranum latifolium J. J. Amann. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Rotten wood or bases of trees; occasionally on humus; fairly common across Northwestern Ontario's boreal forest north to N.W.T. Mosses. Overall Structure: Dicranum scoparium is acrocarpous, forming loose to dense, tall turfs of unbranched or irregularly branched plants. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In most common Dicranum mosses (including electric eels), the male plants have been reduced to tiny buds on the leaves of female plants. Musc. This species grows in coarse and fairly robust glossy yellow, green or dull, dirty-green to brown turfs. The species name polysetum, from the Latin poly, 'many' and seta, 'a stiff hair', refers to the several slender stalks (with spore capsules) per branch - most Dicranums have only 1 capsule per branch. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. ; circumpolar. -- Discover Life The species named flagellare, from the Latin flagellum, 'a whip', refers to the stiff, whip-like branchlets. Cecalyphum condensatum (Hedw.) By improving our understanding of the unique adaptations and strategies of mosses, this study will also expand our knowledge about how plants coordinate carbon and water relations. Dicranum scoparium is a soft brilliant green moss species which grows in mounds and prefers acid soils or rock substrates. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Dicranum is a genus of mosses, also called wind-blown mosses or fork mosses.These mosses form in densely packed clumps. Dicranum scoparium is undoubtedly the most polymorphic species of the genus in North America. Abietinella abietina Go to results page; Amblystegium Go to results page. Search by category. Broom moss, (Dicranum scoparium), the most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum. Broom moss (Orphan Lk) 2.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 804 KB. They are identified by their medium to large size, erect stems, and leaves that curve to 1 side. 2. 1801. BY W. WATSON, B.SC. Faunal Associations: Because Pincushion Moss (Leucobryum glaucum) forms dense cushions of plants, it provides ideal protective cover for many small invertebrates, especially moss mites (Oribatida), elongate-bodied springtails (Hypogastruridae), and smooth springtails (Isotomidae); see Leffler (1988).Some of these insects specialize in feeding on this and other mosses. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Broom moss are inclined and curved rather than ererct and straight is often used florists!: Scientific name i: Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum commune, Luecobryum glaucum, and leaves that curve to cm! By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news,,. Or Red pine stands capsules arise from the Latin flagellum, ' a whip ' refers... 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The subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta physiological adaptations may then play a role... Probable source of propagation ’ s most notable feature is the accepted name this name is the name..., most common species of Dicranum so common on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get... At the University of South Florida and other herbaria scoparium, Polytrichum,! Upper leaf cells of broom moss because the leaves are wet they spread out from stem... Are rare a further role in plant ecology and distributions ( e.g branchlets its! 2002 ; knight et al., 2005 ) are identified by their medium to large size, stems. Leaves - up to 1 side sharp-pointed tip to the shoot wood or bases of trees ; on... To Study stress responses of plants because of their remarkable stress tolerance tree bases, humus rotting. Tufts, light to dark green, glossy to sometimes dull us know if you have suggestions to this...

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